HUNGARY


POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY OF HUNGARY (Students of 3rd ESO D).

Main data of the country

Area
93,030 km2

Population
9,982,000  inhabitants

Borders
Romania, Slovaquia, Ucraïna, Serbia, Croacia, Eslovenia, Austria.

Map of the country




Capital city
Budapest

Main cities
Debrecen
Miskolc
Szeged
Pécs.

Political organisation

Parliament (sort of parliament) 
In nowadays, the Republic of Hungary defines itself as a liberal parliamentary democracy, where the authority resides in the people and the Government’s practice is realized inside  the framework of a state of right.

Elections (sort of elections, sort of political system)
Every five years for elected parliament.

President of Prime Minister
László Sólyom (president), Viktor Orban (prime minister).

Administrative regions
Hungary northern Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Heves and Pest.
Northern Great plains: Hajdú-Bihar Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok andSzabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg.
Great Southern plains: Bács-Kiskun, Békés and Csongrád.
Hungría Central Pest and its capital, Budapest.
Transdanubio Central Komárom-Esztergom, Veszprém and Fejér.
Transdanubio West: Győr-Moson-Sopron, Vas and Zala.
Transdanubio southern Baranya, Somogy and Tolna.

Belonging to international organizations 
NATO
Council of Europe
United Nations
OECD
UNESCO

Bibliography
-Area: www.camaracantabria.com
-Population: www.wikipedia.org
-Borders: www.wikipedia.org
-Capital city: www.wikipedia.org
-Main cities: www.neurocqq.sld.cu
-Parliament: www.wikipedia.org
-Electios: www.wikipedia.org
-Predident or Prime Minister: www.wikipedia.org
-King or Queen: www.wikipedia.org
-Administrative regions: www.wikipedia.org
- Belonging to international organizations : www.wikipedia.org
-Map of the country: www.google.es/images


ECONOMIC & SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF HUNGARY (Students of 3rd ESO B).


GPD

Hungary GDP Growth Rate

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Hungary expanded 1.4 percent in the third quarter of 2011 over the previous quarter. Historically, from 1995 until 2011, Hungary's average quarterly GDP Growth was 0.63 percent reaching an historical high of 1.73 percent in March of 2002 and a record low of -2.90 percent in March of 2009. Hungarian economy is a medium-sized, structurally, politically, and institutionally open economy in Central Europe and is part of the EU single market. Hungary is a rapidly developing country and the fifth largest national economy in Central and Eastern Europe.



 

GPD per capita

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$18,800 (2010 est.)

GPD per capita Hungary compared to continent


Main products, Imports, Exports and Main partners of Hungary

MAIN TRADING PARTNERS: Its main trading partners are the former USSR, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Austria.

MAIN PRIMARY PRODUCTS: Bauxite, Cereals, Coal, Fruit and Vegetables, Grapes, Lignite, Livestock, Oil and Natural Gas, Potatoes.

MAJOR INDUSTRIES: Agriculture, Chemicals, Forestry, Iron and Steel, Machinery, Mining, Pharmaceuticals, Precision and Measuring Equipment, Textiles, Transport Equipment, Timber Production.

MAIN EXPORTS: Chemicals, Clothing, Consumer Goods, Food Products, Iron and Steel, Machinery, Motor Vehicles.


IMPORTS:

$87.25 billion (2010 est.) - $76.79 billion (2009 est.)

IMPORTS - COMMODITIES: machinery and equipment 50%, fuels and electricity 11%, food products, raw materials

EXPORTS:

 $93.47 billion (2010 est.) - $81.54 billion (2009 est.)

EXPORTS - COMMODITIES: machinery and equipment 61.1%, other manufactures 28.7%, food products 6.5%, raw materials 2%, fuels and electricity 1.6% (2009 est.)

 

Social data

Ethnic groups

The Magyar community is the biggest community among all Hungary ethnic groups, contributing to almost 90% of the ethnic population of Hungary. 

The other ethnic groups of Hungary include Romany, the Serbs, Slovaks, the Germans and many other smaller non-European communities. Although, the origins of these ethnic communities are not in Hungary, yet they are mainly followers of    Roman Catholicism, the principal religion of the country. Some of them are however, followers of indigenous religions like Calvinism, Lutheranism, Jew, Baptism, Adventist, Pentecostal religion and Unitarian religion.

 

DHI (Human Development Index)

Year

Hungary

Very high human development_



2011

0.816 

0.889 


 






Demographics

Population

Hungary is home to over 10.5 million people, the vast majority of whom are ethnic Hungarians, or Magyars. Minorities - only three percent of the entire population - include Germans, Romanians, and Slovaks.

Hungary is also home to many Romanies and Jewish peoples. The Magyars are Central Asian in origin, and their language is unrelated to the language of Slavic peoples, who dominate Eastern Europe. (Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, Croats, and Russians are all Slavic peoples.) Twenty percent of the entire population lives in Budapest, the capital, while the next largest city has a population almost ten times less.


Life expectancy: 73 years

Fertility rate: 1.28 children / woman

Urban population: 66%

Density: 108 people / Km2

 

Natality & Mortality Rates

Birth rate: 9.6 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate: 12.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)


Life Expectancy

Hungary has one of the lowest life expectancy rates at birth among the member states of the European Union: 77 years for females and only 68 years for males as compared to the 76 and 82 years for males and females in the EU, respectively.

 

Percentage of Migrants

Migration Facts: Hungarian - Magyar - immigrants are more representative of emigration from Eastern Europe than are either Poles or Jews. Males were highly predominant among the Magyars (two-thirds), and nearly half of them returned to Hungary, some of them, to be sure, to return to America. Magyars are found in significant numbers in only one nation, Hungary. The data from the 1910 census show that more than 99 percent of those immigrants claiming Magyar as a mother tongue emigrated from Hungary and that, conversely, Magyars were a minority (46 percent) of immigrants from Hungary.

 

Bibliography & Webgraphy

Index mundi

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/gdp_per_capita_(ppp).html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/imports.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/imports_commodities.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/exports.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/exports_commodities.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/birth_rate.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/hungary/death_rate.html

 

Trading economics

http://www.tradingeconomics.com/hungary/gdp-growth

http://www.tradingeconomics.com/hungary/gini-index-wb-data.html

 

Global property guide

http://www.globalpropertyguide.com/Europe/Hungary/gdp-per-capita

 

Atlapedia

http://www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/hungary.htm

 

Maps of world

http://www.mapsofworld.com/hungary/society-and-culture/ethnic-groups.html

 

Students of the world

http://www.studentsoftheworld.info/pageinfo_pays.php3?Pays=HUN&Opt=population

 

UNDP

http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/HUN.html

 

Job monkey

http://www.jobmonkey.com/teaching/europe/html/population_of_hungary.html

 

Medical news today

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/68593.php

 

Geocities

http://www.geocities.com/dmfamilyworks/hungarian_migration_page.htm

 

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF HUNGARY (Students of 3rd ESO A).


Main history aspects

5th century    

The Hungarian tribes left the area of the Urals and passed along the Volga and the Caspian Sea . After several hundred years of wandering, they reached the Carpathian Basin .

 

896

Under the leadership of Árpád, the Hungarian tribes settled in the Carpathian Basin .

 

997-1038

King Stephen of the Árpád dynasty ruled the country.

 

1000

Stephen became converted to Christianity, and after his death, he was canonised.

 

1055

The abbey of Tihany was constructed. The foundation charter of the church is the earliest written record in Hungarian language.

 

1241

The Mongolian Tatars devastated the country. Their presence, which lasted a year, halted development for at least a century. After the warfare with the Hungarians, the Tatars did not continue towards the west.

 

1458-1490

During the rule of King Matthias, his residences (Buda and Visegrád) became cultural centres in Europe .

 

1526

At Mohács, the present southern frontier of the country, the Turks defeated the Hungarian army and 150 years of Turkish occupation started.

 

1541

The Turks occupied Buda and Hungary was split into three parts. The Habsburg governed the western part of the country, the central area was ruled by the Turks, and only the south-east Transylvanian principality remained Hungarian.

 

1686

Buda was recaptured from the Turks.

 

1703-1711

Under the leadership of Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania, a freedom war was started against the Habsburgs. The rebels defeated the Imperial army in several battles, but did not receive the promised French support and failed.

First half of the 19 th century

A national reform movement was launched for the political and economic transformation of the country and for the support of the Hungarian language and culture. This was when the National Anthem was born, and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was set up. The building of the Chain Bridge started with the support of Count István Széchenyi, one of the main characters of the Reform Ages.

 

1848-1849

A revolution broke out in Pest and extended over the entire country. The Habsburg Emperor was dethroned after the Hungarian army won several significant battles. Lajos Kossuth was elected Governor. Only with the help of the Russian army the Habsburgs could beat the longest European national revolution in the summer of 1849.

 

1867

The Hungarians concluded a compromise with the Habsburgs and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was established with Vienna and Pest-Buda as centres.

 

1873

Pest, Buda and Obuda were unified, Budapest became a European metropolis. Monuments like the Opera House, the National Gallery, the Parliament were built.

 

1918

Germany and its allies, including the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, lost the world war. The monarchy disintegrated.

 

1920

The Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary 's area by two thirds and the population by one third. Since then, considerable Hungarian minorities have been living in the neighbouring countries.

 

1938-1940

Germany concluded treaties in Munich and Vienna , according to which Southern Slovakia and Northern Transylvania were returned to Hungary .

 

1944

The Nazis occupied Hungary, as they did not consider it a reliable ally. During the Second World War, the Hungarians suffered grave losses on the Soviet front. At the end of the war, Fascists took over the governing of the country.

 

1945

The Soviet Army liberated, and then occupied Hungary . At the hastily held elections, the Communists won only 17 percent of the votes.1947

The last, relatively free elections were followed by the years of Communist control: executions, deportation of hundreds of thousands, imprisonment, harassment, forced industrial development, fall of living standards, and Stalinist dictatorship.

 

1956

A revolution against Stalinism started, but the uprising was defeated by Soviet troops. János Kádár, who acquired power with their assistance, promised democratic socialism; in the meantime, retaliation and executions started.

 

1965

Cautious economic reforms were launched, living standards were rising and the iron curtain became penetrable.

 

1988

The Hungarian transition period began.

 

1990

The Communist party voluntarily gave up its autocracy. A multi-party parliamentary democracy came into being in the country. The Soviet army left Hungary .

 

1999

Hungary became full member of NATO


2004

Hungary became full member of EU



Main monumental cities


BUDAPEST 

Budapest is the hungarian capital city, it has 1.733.685 persons.



Heroe’s square is a important monument in Hungary:

With its statues and colonnades, and flanked by the massive buildings of the Museum of Fine Arts and the Palace of Arts, Heroes's Square is one of the largest and most impressive spaces in Budapest. It has, over the years, been the scene of many historic events, demonstartions, celebrations and popular gatherings. 


The Millenary Monument, which is a complex of statues and sculptures on the square, was originally planned as part of the Millenium celebrations held in 1896 to commemorate 1000 years of Hungarian history since the Conquest of the Carpathian Basin by Magyar (Hungarian) tribes. The occasion was a glorification of the Dual Monarchy, and the Millenary Monument was to reflect royal continuity and pride. 


Budapest Parliament

Colossal palace of Hungarian Parliament is undoubtedly one of the most well known features of Budapest's skyline. It took 20 years (1884 to 1904) to complete the building according to plans made by Imre Stendl. When completed the building was awfully out of fashion. The critics compared it to a Turkish bath and even to a wedding cake. The truth is that the neo-gothic building is very similar to the Westminster Palace - sans Big Ben.

The palace of Hungarian Parliament is the third largest parliament building in Europe (the largest being German Reichtag and the second largest Westminster). The building is 268 metres long and 123 metres wide. It has 10 inner courtyards, 29 staircases, 691 rooms, 242 statues and 386 very smart MPs.




Like the basilica, the parliament is 96 metres tall. The number is symbolically connected to the year of 1896, a millennium anniversary of the arrival of Magyar tribes to the Pannonian Basin. At the moment there is a law in force in Budapest preventing the construction of buildings taller than 96 metres. There are some changes foreseen as there are rumours circling the town that Raiffeisen bank is planning to build the first real skyscraper in Budapest.

The parliament is the place where they keep the famous St. Stephen's crown - which is not only a marvellous piece of art but also an important symbol of power and authority for Hungarians.


http://www.exoticjourneys.eu/travel_guide/hungary/budapest_parliament.php



DEBRECEN 

Debrecen is the 2nd city in Hungary. It has 208.016 persons. The city is one of the most vivid and coziest place in Hungary.


You can find old monuments such as: 


Protestant great church 

(The Protestant Great Church dominates much of the Pica Utca and the close Kossuth Tér, with its imposing, bright yellow facade and famous twin clock towers, which have become a much-loved symbol of the city. This is the largest Protestant church, not only in Debrecen, but also in the whole of Hungary, being capable of accommodating some 3,000 people. The Great Church is also home to an enormous bell named the Rákóczi. Visitors are not only able to explore the interior of the church and its numerous period attractions, but also are able to climb up one of the towers, to view the Rákóczi and enjoy spectacular views across the city itself)


City Park and Aquaticum (Nagyerdei Park) 

(Nagyerdei Park covers more than 5,400 acres / 2,185 hectares and is filled with attractions for tourists, being at its very best during the warm summer months. It is the Aquaticum water park complex that is the main attraction within Nagyerdei Park, where endless curving water slides and waterfalls provide a great way to cool down. There are a selection of swimming pools, both indoors and outside, suitable for all ages. Other attractions within Debrecen's vast Nagyerdei Park include the Vidámpark Amusement Park and its fairground rides, the animals at Állatkert Zoo, the Mujégpálya ice-skating rink, and the DVSC Stadium, where local football teams regularly compete. The Kossuth Lajos University stands along the Egyetem Tér and is just west of Nagyerdei Park, where it is amongst the biggest universities within this part of Hungary).


Reformed College. 

Directly north of the Protestant Great Church and still within central Debrecen you will encounter the Reformed College, which was constructed around 200 years ago, in 1816, although this actual site has been used by schools and colleges since the Middle Ages. The lower floor contains many interesting exhibits related to religious art and includes a chalice made in the 17th century, crafted from nothing more than a coconut. The history of the school is actually explained, along with the various strict rules imposed upon the students, such as the school's motto of 'Early to bed - early to rise'. Upstairs is a large library containing in excess of 600,000 books, along with a small white oratory ,chapel, used for private worship).


http://www.debrecen.world-guides.com/debrecen_attractions.html



Arts


Main artists


Gyula Aggházy

(1850, Dombóvár - 1919, Budapest) He was a Hungarian painter and teacher.

Between 1869 and 1871 he attended the Vienna Academy and from 1871 onwards theMunich Academy. In 1874 he returned to Hungary and after a short stay in Szolnok, he travelled to Paris where he was a pupil of Munkácsy. He painted genre pictures in the style of the Munich naturalism.

From 1876 onwards he lived in Szolnok and Budapest, and was a teacher of the School of Decorative Arts.

His works Chatting (1880) and Leave Me Alone (1886), were genre pictures which he specialized in with naturalist style establishing him as a renowned artist throughout Hungary. Many of his works are now on display at the Hungarian National Gallery.

He died in 1919.
 


Károly Alexy 

(February 8, 1823 – May 20, 1880) He was a Hungarian sculptor. His sculptural style integrated elements of classicism and romanticism.

Alexy was born in Poprad. After attending the Vienna Academy, he created small bronzes ("Faust and Margaret", and "Egmond and Klara".

Alexy is perhaps most famous for his series of field marshal sculptures which he began in 1844. He did plan a sculpture of "King Matthias" of Hungary but it did not prove to be successful. In 1845 he worked on sculptures for the Hermina Chapel inBudapest. Several of his works ("King Matthias", "Marie Therese", "Christ under the Oil Trees", etc.) were exhibited in 1846. Alexy then created a bust of Lajos Batthyány in 1848.

Interested in politics, Alexy participated in the Hungarian War of Independence between 1848 and 1849, and as a result he was sentenced to imprisonment for over ten years. However, he was released far earlier than expected and emigrated toLondon in the late 1850s, where he recreated the busts of Lajos Batthyány and Lajos Kossuth.

On his return to Budapest, Hungary in 1861, he worked as an art teacher until his death there.


Lea Gottlieb 

(born in 1918, in Sajószentpéter, Hungary; nicknamed "Lady Leah") He was an Israeli swimwear fashion designer. She emigrated to Israel from Hungary after World War II, and founded the Gottex company.


Tamás Deák

(born May 31, 1976,) better known by his stage name Speak, he is a rap artist, model and actor based in Hungary. He gained considerable fame after the music video for his 2003 anti-war song, "Stop the War", became popularized through video sharing websites. Speak currently lives in London, England.


Ernő Rubik

(born July 13, 1944) He is a Hungarian inventor,architect and professor of architecture.He was created the Rubik’s cube, today have been sold 300 million of this cube.

The rubik’s former world record is 6,44 seconds, you can see it in this video: 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIvHw17vuGU



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Hungarians



Music & Folk


Music

The earliest documentation of Hungarian music dates from the introduction of Gregorian chant in the 11th century. By that time, Hungary had begun to enter the European cultural establishment with the country's conversion to Christianity and the musically important importation of plainsong, a form of Christian chant. Though Hungary's early religious musical history is relatively well documented, secular music remains mostly unknown, though it was apparently a common feature of community festivals and other events. The earliest documented instrumentation in Hungary dates back to the whistle in 1222, followed by the kobzos in 1326, the bugle in 1355, the fiddle in 1358, the bagpipe in 1402, the lute in 1427 and the trumpet in 1428. There after the organ came to play a major role.


Folk traditions

In Hungary there are national customs which used to be very popular in the past, and some of them still exist like our Nativity plays at Christmas or the sprinkling of the girls and painting at Easter.

Lucázás can also happen in villages. Luca day is 13th December. This is also called the day of the wicked because people thought that on this day witches are more active than usually, that’s why women were forbidden to work on Luca day. Our other custom is the so called regölés. Men would go from house to house and they would greet the people. This is one of the most archaic customs of the Hungarians.


Main music artists


The first important hungarian rock bands were Illés, Metró and Omega.

Illés was a hungarian rock band, it was born in 1960 and it was die in 1973.

The band is often compared to the most important rock band of all time, The Beatles.

It is a very popular band in Hungary, it has amazing songs; for example A Bolond Lany (The Crazy Girl), Nekem Oly Mindegy (Anyway so I) , Hier stand die Sonne hoch and Ujra itt van (it is finger).


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ole4G3iGeM8


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zc6V8zN72n8


Metró was a hungarian rock band, it performed between 60s and 70s years.


The most important song was:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4u8lhtkY-pw


Omega was the most important hungarian band in 60s and 70s years.

They created 16 hungarian language albums ,10 english language albums and 1 german language album.

Omega was born in budapest (september 1962). Now, still,  they are playing music.

They have lot of songs, the most important are:

-Tízezer lépés

-Rettenettes Emberek 

-White Magic Stone

-Russian Winter

-Silver rain


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTZsBRzkLwc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5Gsfi3tjNw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0daSbeYL0t0&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rs6PwDkEQjI

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nhVBobC-jg&feature=related



Food


Main dishes


The food of Hungary has a long history with many influences - including those from neighboring Slavic countries, Germany, Austria, and France. Paprika, Hungarians' favorite seasoning, is used generously, though mild paprika is more commonly used than is spicy paprika. Some other common ingredients are onions, garlic, caraway seed, black pepper and a variety of herbs incuding parsley, bayleaves, tarragon, cellery, thyme, savory. The typical food are the soups like the goulash and the újházy. 


 


Cinema


Main directors 


The most important directors are: Antal Nimród, György Pálfi, István Szabó, Károly Makk, Lajos Koltai and Márta Mészáros


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_of_Hungary



Main festivals


The Film Week, the most important national film festival of Hungary was established in 1965. 

In the beginning of the film week it was celebrated in Pécs but, today, it is celebrating in Budapest.


“Polygamy "is one of the current hits theaters in Hungary. This is a national comedy about the fantasies of a man who thinks sleeping with all women with which crosses from his girlfriend tells him she's pregnant.

The film was among the 95 films and television productions presented at the Hungarian Film Week Budapest, a window to the domestic industry in various formats.

This is the 41st edition of this festival, and Eva Vezer director of the Hungarian Film Union, which organizes the event, explains how it works: "Traditionally we invite foreign professionals, festival organizers, journalists, and producers distrubuidores.So we can show our new creations and improve the promotion of Hungarian films in various film festivals. "

"So much for Justice", "So much for justice," the last work of Miklos Jancso veteran director, opened the festival. It is an ironic view of the struggle of King Matthias Corvinus teenager in the fifteenth century to impose their plans to the nobles.

In 1972 Jancso was named best director at Cannes, but what it takes, now that he has 90 years, to continue making movies?

"Anger and amusement" he says.

Just a few Hungarian films are released abroad. Last year 77 countries welcomed Hungarian films, largely thanks to this week's film, which takes place at the beginning of each year, welcoming professionals from different places and areas.

"Kolorado Kid" received the award for best genre film. It tells the story of a gambler who participated in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. After being betrayed by his friends, he spent 15 years in prison.

This is the first film directed by Andras Vagvolgyi, who had previously devoted to the world of documentaries: "The story I got through a good friend of mine, whose father is a famous writer who was jailed for four years after 1956. Your child has become a historian of opposition groups in 1956 in Budapest. 

"Vespa" is a road movie about a young gypsy who leaves his small town to go to Budapest to pick up a scooter that won and find his father. The film was awarded for his music, and Sandor Toth received a special mention for his performance as the protagonist.

The secret to us says the director of the film, Diana Groo: "I wanted to act, but simply be himself. That was the key to the film: Do not act, be yourself, this is your story, is about you.

The big winner of the Hungarian Film Week was "Bibliotheque Pascal" of Szablocs Hajdu. The film was named best movie and also won the award given by the foreign critics.

The story picks up the adventures of Mona, who leaves her three years in charge of her aunt to go to London in search of work and just immersed in the world of prostitution.

In total, the festival received more than 48,000 Visitors, among amateurs and professional


Main actors


Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó 

(20 October 1882 – 16 August 1956), commonly known as Bela Lugosi, was a Hungarian actor of stage and screen. He was best known for having played Count Dracula in the Broadway play and subsequent film version, as well as having starred in several of Ed Wood's low budget films in the last years of his career.


János Görbe 

(born as Görbe János, November 12, 1912 , Jászárokszállás - died September 5, 1968 , Budapest) was a prominent Hungarianactor of film and theater. He was the father of actress Nóra Görbe, star of the popular 80's TV series, "Linda".

In the course of his career, he worked with the most prominent contemporary directors in Hungary, Károly Makk, Miklós Jancsó and Zoltán Fábri. His most famous films include the Cannes favorite The Round-Up (1965 film) by Jancsó or hu:Föltámadott a tenger in which he played Hungary's national hero, poet Sándor Petőfi who perished in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 against the Habsburgs.

His movies Ház a sziklák alatt (The House Under the Rocks by Makk, 1959), Húsz óra by Fábri (Twenty Hours, 1965), Ének a búzamezőkről (1947), and Emberek a Havason (People on the Alps/Men on the Mountain, 1942) are also considered landmarks of Hungarian and international cinematic history.

Although apolitical all his life, Görbe recited Petőfi poems to the cheering crowd during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 against the USSR, standing on the balcony of Debrecen Theater.

János Görbe was also an acclaimed "Tiborc" in János Katona's Bánk bán. The role of Bánk was played by his The Round-Up (1965 film) co-star Zoltán Latinovits.

Görbe won a Kossuth Prize in 1951 - Hungary's most important prize for an artist.


György Cserhalmi 

was born on February 17, 1948 in Budapest, Hungary. He is a Hungarian actor. He graduated from the Actors Academy in 1971. He is also the founder of the Labdater Theatre in the Globe cultural centre.



Main movies


"25 Fireman Street" 1973 Directed by Istvan Szabo

An important film by Istvan Szabo with an intricate flashback structure that recalls Resnais. The setting is an old house on the eve of its demolition; during a hot summer night, the numerous inhabitants indulge in dreams and recollections of the events of the past thirty years. Hungarian with English subtitles. 93 minutes.




Bad Guys 1979 

Directed by Gyorgy Szomjas

A stylistically innovative film from Gyorgy Szomjas, which borrows the conventions of the Western to tell the story of the last days of outlaws in Hungary. In the 1860's, an outlaw and his henchmen hold a reign of terror. But their movement is overtaken by the event of time and a posse is hot on their trail. Hungarian with English subtitles.93 minutes.


Willy the Sparrow 1988 

Directed by József Gémes (animated film)

The story is about a 10-year old boy named Willy who enjoys pretending to shoot birds with aBB gun until he is turned into a Sparrow by the Sparrow Guardian. Willy becomes lost outside without knowing how to fly, and he is taken in by a sparrow named Cipur; Cipur teaches Willy how to fly in exchange for Willy teaching Cipur how to read. Later, Willy helps a group of sparrows retake their home in a barnyard from a cat. 73 minutes.


"Hungarian Rhapsody" 1983 

Directed by Miklos Jancso

Part of Jancso's proposed trilogy dealing with the relation ships between the classes in prerevolutionary Hungary, Hungarian Rhapsody continues the director's highly symbolic and dynamic style which brought him to fame with his early films. Set in 1911, the film follows Istvan, a nobleman who joins ranks with the peasants in opposition to the ruling class in general, and his statesman brother in particular. With Gyorgy Cserhalmi, Lajos Balaszovits and Gabor Koncz. 101 minutes.


There are a lot of movies in hungary, but the best film is....


"Round Up" 1965 

Directed by Miklos Jancso

One of the greatest films of Miklos Jancso, the brilliant Hungarian filmmaker. A savage, often ironic epic about the effects of imprisonment, fear and torture, set during the 1848 Hungarian Revolution. Several hundred outlaws are captured and in a cat-and-mouse game forced to reveal active rebels by the Austrian police. 87 minutes.

http://www.1worldfilms.com/hungary.htm



Religion


Main beliefs

 

Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census) (www.cia.gov)



Sports                                                                                                                                                                         


Main sports practised in the country


Hungary stands out in two sports: water polo and hammer throw . The most importana hungarian hammer throwers are: Adrian Annus,Tibor Gécsek,Balázs Kiss,Kristóf Németh (Németh is a popular surnamer in Hungary), Éva Orbán, Krisztián Pars and the legendary Gyula Zsivótzky.


The best hungarian football player  was  Ferenc Puskás, he did a great trajectory in Real Madrid football club.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qU7LzHoCspU

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsMAC8KZxwQ&feature=related



Hungary cycling has got a very important cyclist, his name is László Bodrogi. He borned in budapest the 11th December 1976, he is 35 years old.

He is specializing in road time trial, he won National Championship (at 2003,2004 and 2006),National Time Trial Championship (2002,2006,2007,2008),GP Eddy Merckx at 2002 ( the most important cyclist of all time he won 5 “Tour du France”), Tour of Luxembourg (2005) and Tour of Austria (2006). In 2007 he was second in world time trial championsip. He rode with other important cyclists: Tom Boonen (Belgium),Thor Hushovd (Norway) and Joaquim Rodríguez (Spain).

He is the only hungarian cycling to participate in the most important cycling race the “Tour de France”.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H0aiEJE_sLk


In Budapest, you can find a formula one circuit, Hungaroring. It has 4,381 km and 16 bends. The circuit was modified in 1989 and 2002.

In this circuit Fernando Alonso won his first Grand Prix.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-X1jodFWx8&feature=related


  











 



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