PORTUGAL


POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY OF PORTUGAL (Students of 3rd ESO D).

Main data of the country

Area 
92,090 sq km

Population 
10,760,305 (July 2011 est.)

Map of Portugal


Borders
Spain, to the east; Atlantic ocean, to the west.

Capital city 
Lisboa 556,797 inhabitants

Main cities
Porto, 240,773 inhabitants
Amadora, 181,179 inhabitants
Braga, 128,138 inhabitants
Setúbal, 120,636 inhabitants
Queluz, 116,309 inhabitants
Coimbra, 109,868 inhabitants
Agualva-Cacém, 105,249 inhabitants
Funchal, 95,076 inhabitants
Algueirão-Mem Martins, 85,364 inhabitants
Vila Nova de Gaia, 72,441 inhabitants

Political organisation
Portugal is a parliamentary democracy, based on the popular sovereignity.

President or Prime Minister
Aníbal Cavaco Silva (president), Pedro Manuel Mamede(first minister)

Administrative regions
308 municipalities with 4000 parishes.

Belonging to international organizations
ADB (non-regional member), AfDB (non-regional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, CERN, CPLP, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club (associate), PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNMIT, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC


ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF PORTUGAL (Students of 3r ESO B).

ECONOMY OF PORTUGAL

Portuguese economy was based on primary sector, mainly fishery and agriculture until 1960. It supposed 25% of GDP (Gross domestic product).

After 1960 Portugal, like Spanish economy, grew a lot due to tertiary sector. There were many tourists and they brought foreign currency.

In 2003, the primary sector represents only the 4% of the GDP, while the tertiary sector means the 66%.  The rest of GDP was the 30% of the

 secondary sector; which includes the building.

 

GDP

$241,921 billion (42th)

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Portugal contracted 0.4 percent in the third quarter of 2011 over the previous quarter. Historically, from 1988 until 2011.

 

The GDP per capita

GDP for capit in Portugal, in year 2010 was $21.505.

 

Imports

$53.552 millions.

 

Imports partners

Most imports come from the European Union countries of Spain, Germany, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

 

Exports

$36.321 milions.


Export partners

Most exports also go to other European Union member states.

Portugal exports 75% of their agriculture and cattle production. The main agricultural products are wheat, corn, vegetables and olive oil. Portugal is the biggest producer of cork oak of the world, they produce half of the world production. Also is famous the wine of Porto, they export it around the world.


Portuguese enterprises

The country is home to a number of noted leading companies with world reputation, like Grupo Portucel Soporcel, a major world player in the international paper market, Sonae Indústria, the largest producer of wood-based panels in the world, Corticeira Amorim, the world leader in cork production, and Conservas Ramirez, the oldest canned fish producer in continuous operation

 

Portugal currency

The Portuguese currency is the euro (€) and the country's economy is in the Eurozone since its starting.

 

DEMOGRAPHY AND SOCIAL FACTS OF PORTUGAL


Population

10,570,803 (77th)


Density

115/km2 (96th)


Gini Index (2009)

33.7 (2011)


HDI

0.809 (very high) (41st) (2009)


Life expectancy

75 years.

 

Birth rate

10/1.000 population

 

Dead rate

10/1.000 population

 

Employment and wages

The unemployment is over 10% today. The number of unemployed people has increased since 2000.

As of May 2006, over 420,000 people were unemployed in Portugal.

 

Although being both a developed country and a high income country, Portugal has the lowest GDP per capita in Western Europe and its

 population has one of the lowest incomes per head among member states of the European Union. According to the Eurostat it had the 6th

 lowest purchasing power among the 27 member states of the European Union for the period 2005-2007.

 

Wages

The average wage in Portugal is €1,039 per month, and the minimum wage, which is regulated by law, is €485 per month (although paid in 14 installments, which means that on average the minimum wage is €565).

 

Bibliography

http://www.portugal-live.net/UK/essential/economy.html

http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Portugal#Economy_by_sector

http://www.portugal.com/information/economy

http://www.tradingeconomics.com/portugal/gdp-growth

 


CULTURE OF PORTUGAL (Students of 3rd ESO A)

Art

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a sovereign member of the European Union, constituted as a democratic state. Its territory, with its capital in Lisbon, located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It also includes the autonomous islands of the Azores and Madeira, located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Portugal's name may come from the ancient name of Porto through Latin "Portus-Galliae”. Portugal has witnessed a constant flow of different civilizations during the past 3100 years. Tartesos, Celts, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Germans (Swabians and Visigoths), Muslims, Jews and other cultures have left their mark on the culture, history, language and ethnicity.

Main touristic cities and towns
Lisbon, Oporto, Aveiro (considered the Venice of Portugal), Braga (City of the Archbishops), Chaves (historical and ancient city), Coimbra (with the oldest university in the country), Guimarães (cradle of the nation), Elvas (fortified city in Europe), Évora (city museum), Setúbal (third largest port), Portimão (3 rd cruise ship port and site of AIA) Faro and Viseu.



The current Portugal has given the world-renowned architects such as Eduardo Souto de Moura, Alvaro Siza Vieira and Gonçalo Byrne. Internally, Tomás Taveira is also well known.


Religion

Portugal is a secular state. Portuguese society is Roman Catholic. 84.5% of the population is Roman Catholic and 2.2% are of other types of Christianity.

Officially the Portuguese Republic, is a sovereign member of the European Union, constituted as a democratic state. Its territory, with its capital in Lisbon, located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It also includes the autonomous islands of the Azores and Madeira, located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Portugal's name may come from the ancient name of Porto through Latin "Portus-Galliae”. Portugal has witnessed a constant flow of different civilizations during the past 3100 years. Tartesos, Celts, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Germans (Swabians and Visigo Other)

Christians: 1.41% (1.55%)
Catholic: 84.53% (92.93% of the respondents)
Orthodox: 0.20% (0.22%)
Protestants: 0.56% (0.61%)
Jewish: 0.02% (0.02%)
Muslim: 0.14% (0.15%)
Other non-Christians: 0.16% (0.18%)
No religion: 3.84% (4.33%)


Music & Folk

Portugal is internationally known in the music scene for its traditions of fado, but the country has seen a recent expansion in musical styles, with modern acts from rock to hip hop becoming popular. 

If Amália is still the most recognizable Portuguese name in music, today the biggest exportations are bands like Moonspell (metal), Madredeus ( fado and folk inspired), Buraka Som Sistema (on the picture below) ( electro/ kuduro/ breakbeat), Da Weasel, Sandro G (hip hop), Blasted Mechanism (experimental electro-rock) or Wraygunn (rock, blues), and artists like Mariza (fado). 
 
 



Food

Portuguese cuisine is characterised by rich, filling and full-flavored dishes and is closely related to Mediterranean cuisine. The influence of Portugal's former colonial possessions is also notable, especially in the wide variety of spices used.

Breakfast is traditionally just coffee or milk and a bread roll with butter, jam, cheese or ham. Lunch, often lasting over an hour is served between noon and 2 o'clock or between 1 and 3 o'clock, and dinner is generally served late, around or after 8 o'clock. There are three main courses, lunch and dinner usually include soup.


Cinema

The first exhibition of films in Portugal was the June 18, 1896. Such was the success of the first sessions, soon to be repeated across the country, including images of Portugal in the programs.
The most famous actress is Maria de Medeiros  (Lisbon, August 19, 1965), also singer and film director (on the picture below).
 
 
The most famous film director is Manuel de Oliveira, born December 1908.


Sports

Football began to gain popularity in Portugal in the 19th century, brought by Portuguese students who returned from England.
The first organized football game took place in 1875 inCamacha, Madeira. Organized by the Madeira born Harry Hinton. This being the first organized football game anywhere in Portugal.
 
The primary responsibility for its implementation in continental Portugal Guilherme Pinto Basto would have been (according to some people, his brothers Eduardo and Federico would have taken the game to England). It was he who took the initiative toorganize an exhibition of the new game, which took place in October 1888, and it was he who organized the first football game in mainland Portugal, in January the following year. The match, played on the day the Campo Pequeno bullring is, involving opposing teams of Portugal and England. The Portuguese won the game 2-1. Consequently, football started to attract the attention of high society, distinguished by the Luso-British rivalry.

The main national football competition is the Primeira League, where teams are dominant Futebol Clube do Porto, SportingClube de Portugal and Sport Lisboa e Benfica. Currently, the oldest team's Academic, which was founded in 1876. FutebolClube do Porto, after a failed attempt in 1893, appeared in 1906, stimulated by José Monteiro da Costa, among others. 
 
 

Eusebio da Silva Ferreira (b. Maputo, Portuguese East Africa,January 25, 1942) is a Portuguese exfutbolista known as Eusebio and nicknamed The Panther Mozambique or the Black Pearl, is a Portuguese football icon. FIFA is considered by one of the best European players of the twentieth century and one of the greatest strikers in the history of football. It occupies the 9 th position in the list of the 50 best players of the twentieth centuryaccording to the IFFHS.

In 1965 he won the Golden Ball as best player in Europe in 1966 and 1973 Golden Boot top scorer. He was the leader and conductor of the club SL Benfica won the Champions League in 1961 and 1962, and of the Portuguese who occupied the 3rdplace in the 1966 World Cup, a tournament where he was on the top.

Webgraphy
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_de_Medeiros
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Portugal#Folk_music
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_cuisine
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cine_de_Portugal
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eus%C3%A9bio_da_Silva_Ferreira
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_in_Portugal
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